Senator Margaret Chase Smith (R) on June 1, 1950, stated the basic principles of "Americanism" were:
The right to criticize;
The right to hold unpopular beliefs;
The right to protest;
The right of independent thought.
Smith strongly voiced concern that those who exercised those beliefs at that time risked being labeled communist or fascist.
As a Republican, she wanted a Republican administration in power but not at any cost. She stated, "I don't want to see the Republican Party ride to political victory on the Four Horsemen of Calumny -- Fear, Ignorance, Bigotry and Smear." Continuing she said, "I doubt if the Republican Party could -- simply because I don't believe the American people will uphold any political party that puts political exploitation above national interest". [Oh, if this were only true!!]
This famous speech was made in response to fellow Republican Sen. Joseph McCarthy's rants.
"The greatest enemy of the truth is very often not the lie, deliberate, continued and dishonest -- but the myth -- present, persuasive, and unrealistic."
--John F. Kennedy