Roman Holiday : Etowah Mounds

The Etowah Mounds in Cartersville are 30 miles from Rome.
The mounds are the most intact Mississippian Culture site in the Southeast.

Wooden replicas of clay jewelry at the front entrance.
The large effigies unearthed at Etowah.  Behind glass, the picture is a little blurry.
A wattle and daub home built by volunteers represents the dwellings at this large Indian town.
The bridge leading to the mounds spans a borrow pit.  Dirt from the pit was removed to build the mounds. The pit may have also served a defensive purpose.  A river on the other side could have provided a protective barrier in addition to providing a water supply and serving as a trade route.


A view from the largest mound shows a modern hydroelectric plant in the background.
 The largest mound stands more than 60 feet high and provides a great view of the smaller mounds and the riverside park.

This wide open field is where the majority of the homes would have been.  There appear to be outlined areas where buildings may have stood.  This was only apparent when I got home and enlarged the picture. The row of trees far afield lines the borrow pit at the far side.  It is thought large scale farming would have been done outside the pit boundary and the homes were safely gathered inside the boundary.
A nice riverside park has been created by the GA State Parks system.


 The V shape in the river was made by the Indians to capture fish.  Woven catch baskets would be placed at the point.  The V directed the water and fish in and would have reduced the work and increased the yield.